Epididymis and Infertility
Approximately 13-15% of couples will encounter fertility problems during the reproductive life. Factors involving males are responsible for infertility in approximately 20% of couples and are contributory in another 30–40% of couples. This means that factors Involving males and infertility are implicated in more than 50% of the difficulties couples encounter when attempting pregnancy .Diagnostic tools and therapies to treat female infertility are relatively well developed. However, many of the causes of male infertility are considered idiopathic. The spermogram is accurately assesses male fertility through an evaluation of the semen quality,sperm concentration, motility and morphology.The normal spermogram values were based on the multi-centered population studies on fertile men. However, several men presenting normal spermogram values are diagnosed as idiopathically infertile. These men may present with post-testicular defects that result in ejaculation of spermatozoa with a normal morphology but with a sub-optimal fertilization Capacity. The epididymis could be particularly involved in a number of Pathophysiologies affecting the sperm maturation in some of these cases of male infertility.