Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a treatment used for infertility. It includes fertility treatments that handle both woman's egg and man's sperm. It works by removing eggs from woman's body. Eggs are then mixed with sperm to produce embryos. Embryos are then placed in woman's body. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is most common and effective type of assisted reproductive technology. Assisted Reproductive Technology includes in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer, gamete intrafallopian transfer, zygote intrafallopian transfer, and frozen embryo transfer. Approximately 99% of ART cycles performed are in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer helped many couples to conceive successfully. Assisted Reproductive Technology can be recommended when other fertility treatments were not successful or when there is severe male factor infertility, severe endometriosis or tubal obstruction.